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Jiujiang city

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Jiujiang is located from the 113° 56' to 116° 54' east longitude, and 28° 41' to 30° 5' north latitude. East-west is the high-lying and low in the intermediate, slightly higher in the south, tilting to the north, with an average altitude of 32 meters (20 meters above the sea level in the urban areas). The Jiuling Mountain in Xiushui County is at an altitude of 1,794 meters, which is the highest mountain in Jiujiang. The bottom of the Poyang Lake near Toad Stone in Lianxi District is at an altitude of 9.37-meter, which is the city's lowest. The city's mountain area accounts for 16.4% of the total area, while hills and lakes accounting for 44.5% and 18% respectively, and the cultivated land is 3,652.2 thousand Chinese mu, which is commonly known as "60% of the city is mountains, 20% is water, 15% is fields, while only 5% is roads and manors". ?

Jiujiang is located in the transition region from the middle subtropics to northern subtropics. The annual average temperature is 16-17°. And the annual rainfall is 1,300-1,600 mm with more than 40% rain concentrating in the second quarter. The annual frost-free period is 239 to 266 days, the average annual fog days account for less than 16 days. Jiujiang has a mild climate with distinct seasons, abundant rainfall and sunshine. ?

Jiujiang "leads to five ridges and halts three rivers", and has the strategic role of “A Thoroughfare of Seven Provinces ". Due to the transportation convenience and abundant products, Jiujiang has been a metropolis, a central city of personnel flow and logistics, and an important material distribution center of the middle reaches of Yangtze River since ancient times, which is also one of China's “four biggest rice markets” and “three biggest tea markets”.?

The Yangtze River is China's largest and longest water channel from west to east, and the Beijing Kowloon Railway is China's longest and most modernization degree transport corridor from north to south, these two great arteries meet in Jiujiang City, making Jiujiang a golden crossing connecting east and west, north and south. ?

The modern water, land and air transportation network extends in all directions. Jiujiang port is one of the ten major ports in the Yangtze River Valley, with its annual passenger flow and freight volume ranking the second and fourth respectively among the other ports along the Yangtze River. Five high-speed railways (Beijing-Kowloon Railway, Wuhan-Jiujiang Railway, Hefei-Jiujiang Railway, Tongling-Jiujiang Railway and Nanchang-Jiujiang Intercity Railway), or the so-called “five dragons”, converge in Jiujiang. Besides, Nanchang-Jiujiang Highway, Jiujiang-Jingdezhen Highway and 2 National Road (No.105 and 316) go through Jiujiang. Designed by the 4 c-class airport standard, Jiujiang Lushan Airport can cater to the Boeing 747 and other large aircraft with connections to Guangzhou, Shanghai, Beijing, Xiamen, etc.?

In the national economic development pattern, Jiujiang is in the transition zone advancing development from the eastern coastal area to the mid-western area, and it’s also the intersection of the Beijing Kowloon Railway and the Yangtze River Economic Development Belts, which holds an extremely important place. ?

From the pattern of the Yangtze River Valley, Jiujiang is the joint of Shanghai Economic Zone and Wuhan Economic Zone, as well as the joint of Jiangxi, Hubei, Hunan and Anhui provinces along the Yangtze River. Along the Beijing-Kowloon railway, Jiujiang is the only water-land transportation hub, connecting north and south, east and west. From the perspective of the development of Jiangxi Province, Jiujiang is the only foreign trade port linking to rivers and seas, and it’s the “North Gate” connecting the whole province with Yangtze River Development Belt and coastal open regions.??

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